The Asian Elephant is one of the most endangered species of large mammals in the world (according to IUCN - Red List of Threaten Animals). The surviving population of between 25,600 and 32,750in the wild (according to WWF) is only a tenth of that of the African elephant.

While ivory poaching is the major threat of the African elephant, it is less so for the Asian species. Most important in Asia are habitat loss and the pressures of the human population. At present, it occurs in only thirteen countries in Asia. Country populations vary from less than 100 in Bhutan and Nepal to over 20 000 in India and 10 000 in Burma. Asian elephants are disappearing from vast areas where they were once plentiful.