Workshops performed by Dr. Harald Schwammer and Dr. Wolfgang Zenker


Module 1: Basics

1.1 Basic requests for an up-to-date keeping of elephants
1.2 Standards, guidelines und manuals from all over the world
1.3 Safety for humans and animals
1.4 Management methods
1.4.1 Hands on
1.4.2 Protected contact
1.4.3 Restricted contact
1.4.4 Hands off
1.4.5 Advantages and disadvantages of the methods
1.4.6 Restraint chute
1.4.7 Behavioural enrichment
1.4.8 Bull management
1.5 Construction of a master plan: from the enclosure to the animal program
1.6 Different approach of zoos, elephant camps and sanctuaries


Module 2: Basic program for training and veterinary procedures

2.1 Routine measures for care
2.1.1 Foot- and skin care
2.1.2 Taking blood samples
2.1.3 X-raying
2.1.4 Dental treatment
2.1.5 Ultrasound
2.1.6 Trunk-wash


Module 3: Advanced methods – veterinarian aspects

3.1 Chemical drugs use for sedation
3.2 Elephant treatment in general
3.3 Herpes-virus infection
3.3 The problem of tuberculosis
3.5 Pox disease in elephants
3.6 Nutrition related diseases
3.7 Nutrition, Vitamins and minerals


Module 4: Breeding program

4.1 Building up a breeding group
4.2 Monitoring: cycle, pregnancy, growth
4.3 Birth-report
4.4 Artificial Insemination (AI)


Module 5: Research projects

5.1 Aims
5.2 Behaviour Monitoring and Chronobiology
5.3 Reproduction management
5.4 Diseases control


Module 6: Conservation

6.1 Managing Populations
6.2 In situ and ex situ programs